Sunday, July 2, 2017

YOGA - MY RECENT EXPLANATORY (FACE BOOK) POSTS ON YOGA -

MY RECENT FACE BOOK POSTS ON YOGA

These are my Face Book Posts explaining Yoga to readers in a simple way. You will find them very interesting. The series will continue in future.


FB POST DATED 21.06.17

Today is International Yoga Day. More than 180 countries are participating in Yoga today and celebrating the event.
Prime minister Narendra Modi is leading the event in Lucknow with Yogi Adityanath, and his cabinet ministers following him.

Yoga is a science that UNITES.
Yoga unites your thought , word and deed.
Yoga unites your body , mind and soul.
Yoga unites the individual within you with the whole universe.

Yoga leads to the Highest Bliss attainable by us.
Yoga leads to the greatest peace attainable by us.
Yoga leads to the best of health attainable by us.

Whatever you are doing throughout the day, you can still be doing Yoga.
Yoga is in fact a 24 x 7 lifelong event.

The just born child is naturally into Yoga, in fact, into the best of Yoga.
Is your breath as effortless and blissful today, as it was when you were born?
Do you still move your hands and legs as effortlessly and joyfully as you did when you were born?
Can you remain as peacefully today as when you were born?
Actually, this is the primary goal of Yoga.

But, Yoga aims to take you to much greater heights too.
There are absolutely no limits to human achievement through Yoga.

Come
Join
Experience
Enjoy

I wish you a great International Yoga day. 


FB POST DATED 21.06.17

Bhagavad-Gita is also called Yoga Sastra or the science of Yoga.
Lord Krishna says, I taught this science initially to the Sun God, and eventually it went to various Rajarshis of the Suryavamsa.

Essentially, Gita propounds 4 types if Yoga.

1. Jnana Yoga - for the highly evolved, intelligent and wise persons. They can grasp the ultimate truth by analyzing themselves and the universe and stay in that truth.

2. Karma Yoga - for selfless, service oriented and body oriented persons. They serve humanity without selfishness and experience greatest happiness in such service.

3. Dhyana Yoga - for those who can explore the inward path into their minds and reach to their innermost self. The can sit in active inaction and great awareness within themselves and exercise great control on their minds. and

4. Bhakti Yoga - for those who can readily surrender themselves to the almighty, or a Guru, or a master or just their spouse. They need a physical being whom they love or a mental image supported by an idol or other form as support for their devotion.

Each of these Yogas is suitable for a particular type of persons. Some can adopt more than one or all four.

Image or idol worship is essential only for Bhakti yoga if a live human being is not the object of devotion. Jnana yoga and Dhyana yoga essentially follow the nirakara or image less methods.

Karma yogis may believe or may not even believe in an almighty God. They see themselves in every human being and every human being in themselves. Infinite compassion is their nature.

Gita tells us about so many other extraordinary sciences, apart from these 4 Yogas. If Gita alone is fully explored and understood , we can live a hugely successful life.


 FB POST DATED 25.06.17


In one of my previous posts , I wrote about Yoga Sastra, the Bhagavadgeeta, propounded by Lord Krishna 5000 years ago.
Krishna said, this is nothing new, it was always there, I myself first taught this to Sun God and from him, it went to all Rajarshis of Suryavamsa .
After he taught Arjuna, now, we are all reading it as Bhagavadgeeta.

It is a science and art both, which tells us how best to live, and how best to maximize our health and Happiness.

But, in current days, Patanjali Maharshi, the propounder of Yoga sutras is widely accepted as the father of Yoga.

Patanjali made Dhyanayoga into an exact science in his yoga sutras. Therefore,It limits itself to Dhyanayoga and does not concern itself with other Branches of Yoga.

Patanjali designed Dhyanayoga as Ashtanga Yoga. Or, Yoga with 8 limbs or parts. These 8 parts are 1. Yama 2. Niyama 3. Aasana 4. Pranayama 5. Pratyahara 6. Dharana 7.Dhyana and 8. Samadhi.

We generally hear of Aasana, Pranayama and Dhyana and not of the other 5 parts, which are equally important. Some yoga institutes and Ashrams do teach other parts but many so called yoga teachers do not even seem to be aware of them. Yet, the 3 parts taught, if well taught, is also good for the learners.

Patanjali's Ashtanga yoga starts with the first 2 principles of Non violence and Truth as part of Yama. Without them, there is no Ashtanga Yoga.

But, contrast it with Lord Krishna's Yoga Sastra. It has Karma yoga also apart from Dhyanayoga etc.

You must wage Dharma yuddha or righteous war to protect the Dharma and root out Adharma, says Lord Krishna. Protect the righteous people from the unrighteous, says Lord Krishna. Don't confuse this with Jihad etc. It is entirely different.

In contrast, Patanjali prescribes ascetic , almost secluded life for Ashtanga Yoga.
Krishna's prescription is suitable for 100% of the people. Patanjali's methods are suitable for 1% of the people. Patanjali's methods go all the way up to kaivalya and is a direct method.

Krishna prescribes a life style which has all elements in it, much like his own life. He doesn't bar you from any joy of life but prescribes a non destructive method to achieve all joys of life.

Every individual needs to read both books to know what exactly is suitable for him.

Geeta gives answers to many intriguing questions of life. It is both an art and a science.

Yoga sutras is a science, pure and simple. There is less space for art in Ashtanga yoga.

You can and you must, of course combine both of them, to your best advantage.
Arjuna did Dhyana or Meditation, addressing Lord Siva, fought with him, pleased him and secured paasupatastra, a most Destructive weapon. Meditation can achieve such earthly purposes also and Patanjali also dealt with them and gave the exact methods of meditation to achieve any such earthly goal.

India needs to explore these two great treasures very seriously, the Geeta and the Yoga sutras, before someone else outside India masters them and ...
(Patents them!!!!)


FB POST DATED 01.07.17

Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali :

Patanjali devised his Ashtanga Yoga as an Eight fold path. It has Eight distinct limbs or parts in it.
These are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi.

The first limb or part is "YAMA" and it consists of 5 sub parts.
These sub parts are

1. Ahimsa or Non violence
2. Sathya or Truth
3. Astheya or Non stealing
4.Brahmacharya or treading the path of Brahman ( desire free life)
5. Aparigraha : Non taking by coercion of anything from others

Once, you enter the path of yoga and start implementing these principles, your life will become simpler and simpler. You will start really enjoying your life. You will need some tactfulness. That is all.

Remember, you brought nothing with you into your life and you can take nothing with you when you leave your life.

These are principles of mutual Trust and non exploitation of each other.

Non violence is to be practiced in thought, word and deed. Truth and Non stealing are likewise. So are Brahmacharyam or desire-freeness and non-coercion.

Brahmacharyam is sometimes interpreted as Abstinence from Sex. This is not correct. Many yogis are married and have children. Vasishta, who revealed Yoga vasishtam to Lord Rama remained with his wife, Arundhati, and had 100 children. Lord Krishna propounded Bhagavad-Gita, which is considered as the science of yoga and he had 8 wives and many children.

Yoga therefore permits Dharmic Sex, within the marital bounds. Ancient Indian Yogis made Dharmic Sex also into a Great Science in which they exercised absolute control on their Desires.That said, solitude was preferred by yogis for certain long duration yogic practices.

Until we study and understand the lives of such great Yogis, we may not understand the purport of some of these terms in their correct sense.
Lord Krishna is called Yogeswara (with so many wives). Lord Siva is called Yogeeswara, and he too is happily married and both are in constant Yoga practice. So is Brahma the creator. He too is always in Yoga and he too is married.

The purpose of this explanation is to emphasize that marriage is not a bar to Yoga. It can be a great facilitating factor.

Yama is the first step and is intended to clean your life and wean you away from wrongful conduct. Only a clean mind can be controlled by you and will have absolute clarity about life.

That said, it does not mean that without 100 percent success in Yama, you cannot move on to next higher steps. You can. Simultaneous practice of Yama, Niyama, Asana, pranayama etc are both possible and desirable.
What matters is - start with some sincerity and regularity. You will achieve success.

My Dear Readers,

Periodically, this series will continue on face Book and in this Blog too. You will find many practical tips, clear explanations and most useful exercises too as the series proceeds.

Read and Enjoy.

yours sincerely,

(V.VIJAYAMOHAN)


Friday, April 28, 2017

GEMS FROM BHAGAVAD GITA - Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta - Throw out the weakness of your Heart


GEMS FROM 

BHAGAVAD GITA


Bhagavad Gita was proclaimed by Lord Krishna on the turf of Kurukshetra, the Battle field of Mahabharata War. 

While the Main purpose of Lord Krishna was to advice Arjuna and bring him out of his moroseness and aversion to fight the war, Lord Krishna made this an occasion to teach Arjuna the complete science of Yoga. 

Bhagavad Gita is also well known and well-acknowledged as (i)  Upanishad (or summary of Vedas), (ii) knowledge of the supreme (or Brahma vidya) and (iii) Yoga Sastra(or science of Yoga). 

As Upanishad, it teaches us the very essence of the Vedas. It teaches us the knowledge of the supreme (or, Brahman), which is the essence of the Vedas. It also teaches us the complete Yoga Sastra, which is the route to understand Brahman. 

Every Chapter of Bhagavad Gita, or Gita in short, is called a “Yoga”. Yoga means unification. There are 18 chapters (or 18 yogas) in Gita. 

The phrase “Complete Yoga Sastra” means and implies – the complete Art and Science of Human Living. Bhagavad Gita contains answers to almost all of our questions on how we must live, and how we must not.

Our education, knowledge and wisdom are most certainly not complete, until we have understood the Art and Science of Living in the Gita.

I will endeavour to place before you the CHOICEST SLOKAS, or, the Gems from the Gita, with their meaning and significance. Enjoy the same. Explore the same. Employ the same in your life. And, Give me your suggestions and criticisms.

We will look at the slokas specifically spoken by Lord Krishna and not the other slokas. In them also, we will choose the very Best and avoid repetitions containing same meaning or purport. 

The first chapter of Gita is Arjuna Vishada Yoga, or, the sorrow of Arjuna. Arjuna always thought that the war was with the 100 kauravas, the evil sons of Dhritarashtra. He was well prepared and determined to kill them all. But now, when he is on the war field in his chariot driven by Lord Krishna, he finds that, he is  facing, first and foremost, his most beloved grandsire, Bhishma and his most respected Guru, Drona. He never expected this, when he was preparing for the war. 

He did not want to fight these two great loved and honoured elders, whom he respects and loves so much, come what may. He was not interested in getting a kingdom soiled by their blood. For that reason, he was now willing to let go the Kauravas also, who were under their protection. 

Krishna listened to this ranting of Arjuna for all of the first chapter of Arjuna Vishada Yoga, containing 47 slokas, without speaking a word. 

Now Arjuna stopped his speech, put his arrows and his great Bow, the Gandeeva down, sat down morosely and said, Krishna, I will not fight. 

Krishna, even now, was not willing to advice. But, he started chiding Arjuna for his sorrow.

Let us see what he says :

Kuthasthvaa kasmalamidham vishame samupasthitam |
Anaaryajushtamasvargam akeertikaramarjuna          || (2.2)

Lord Krishna said :

From where has this moroseness and dejection come to you O Arjuna, it is disgraceful. It bars you from Heaven, from fame, and is never liked by great people.

Klaibyam maa sma gamah Paartha naithatva yyupapadyathe |
Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta Paranthapa || (2.3)

O Partha, Give up this impotence. It does not befit you. This faint heartedness is most disgraceful. Abandon it  and Get up immediately, O, scorcher of Foes.

I have given the slokas and their meanings. 

The most important words of Lord Krishna here, which we must focus on are – “Kshudram hridaya dourbalyam thyakthvotthishta.” 

“Faintheartedness” or "weanesses of the heart" - is disgraceful. 

Abandon it and Get Up, says Lord Krishna, to Arjuna, and to all of us. 

Hridaya Dourbalyam is a very significant word. Your heart is filled with all sorts of weaknesses. These weaknesses are extraordinarily disabling for you. 

Because of them, You are now unable and unwilling. You don’t want to do what you must do. You want to turn away from your Life's call, your most sacred duty and trot out excuses for it. This mindset is dangerous for you and for anybody else.. It is not fit for people who want to succeed in life. You must come out of it. 

This is the first Great Teaching in the Gita. Do not be faint Hearted. Do not give in to forces like timidity, diffidence, laziness, and such other backward-pulling forces. Throw out these feelings from your heart. 

Krishna addresses Arjuna as, "O scorcher of thy enemies". Arjuna was always known as the most Courageous warrior on earth. He was not afraid of fighting any human being, any Gandharvas, any Devas, even the king of Devas namely Indra, and even the Great Siva himself. This was his past record.

But, when hridaya Dourbalyam or weaknesses of the mind(or heart) has entered into him, even the Great Arjuna wants to get away from his most loved and desired call of life. Lord Krishna is warning Arjuna against Arjuna these weaknesses.

What causes Hridaya Dourbalyam? 

Kama(excessive/undue desire), Krodha(anger), lobha(greed), moha(delusion), madha (unreasonable pride), maatsarya(disliking others for their being better than you) and finally, Bhaya (fear). These are the seven dreaded Enemies of every human being. 

We will definitely examine them in detail elsewhere. 

But, for now, You must clearly understand this first and foremost teaching of Gita. It is Lord Krishna's first advice to Arjuna, and by inference, his first advice to you, me and all of us.

What is that?

Khsudram Hradya Dourbalyam. Thyakthvottishta !

Give up all weaknessness of your Heart. Throw them out. Get up and Get ready (to achieve your great goals)!

Yours sincerely,

(V.Vijayamohan)

Author of :

“Comprehensive Treatise on Patanjali Yogasutras”




Friday, January 6, 2017

MEDITATION-6 - POORNAM ADAH - COMPREHENSIVE TREATISE ON PATANJALI YOGASUTRAS


MEDITATION-6


In the series of Meditations as supplement to my Book “COMPREHENSIVE TREATISE ON PATANJALI YOGASUTRAS”, so far I have covered the following 5 Meditations. You can click on the links below and go to those Meditations.














Meditation-1 is on “ACCEPT YOUR PHYSICAL BODY”
Meditation-2 is on “ACCEPT YOUR PEOPLE WHOLEHEARTEDLY”
Meditation-3 is on the concept of “Sarve Bhavanthu Sukhinah
Meditation-4 is for a Hale and Healthy Body
Meditation-5 is on the concept of “YOU EXIST, YOU ONLY EXIST, NOTHING ELSE DOES”.

Now, we will have a Meditation on a Great Mantra from Isa Upanishad (or Isaavaasyopanishad) :

Om Poornam-Adah Poornam-Idam ; Poornaat-Purnnam-Udachyate  |

Poornasya Poornam-Aadaaya Poornam-Eva-Avasishyate ||

Om Saantih Saantih Saantih ||

Meaning:

1: Om, That (Outer World) is complete in itself ; This (Inner World) is also complete in itself ; From one completeness comes another completeness  ,
2: If one completeness is drawn away from the other, still what remains is complete in itself .
3: Om Peace, Peace, Peace.

Now, you have the Mantra which you can chant 3 times. 

Understand that one completeness referred to here is the infinite consciousness pervading all over the universe around you and within you.

The second completeness is the consciousness that is within the physical YOU and is in fact the real YOU.

It is from the first completeness that the second completeness has arisen. That is, it is from the Universal consciousness that the Individual consciousness has arisen.

After the rise of the Individual consciousness, that is YOU, the universal consciousness still remains complete in itself and so is the Individual consciousness, which is also complete in itself.

You are both Individual consciousness which is complete in itself, and part of the Universal consciousness, which is also complete in itself.

Now, if 15 billion people exist in the world, can there be 15 billion Individual consciousnesses apart from one Universal consciousness?

Do not apply the same logic here, which you apply to the MATERIAL WORLD.

Consciousness is the only NON MATERIAL, INFINITE,UNCHANGING Existence. And YOU are that. And, you are part of that. 

Because it is partless, you are actually THAT.

YOU, if you realize, extend all over the UNIVERSAL CONSCIOUSNESS, which pervades the entire Universe, or, the entire Material World.

You also extend over all other Individual consciousnesses in the Universe and so do all the other Individual consciousnesses which extend over YOU.

Can you visualize this in your mental eye? Can you imagine this? This is the stark Universal Truth.

Meditate on this Universal truth.

1.  There is the Universe which consists of the Material world, and it includes all physical beings also, including you as a physical being. All the Material YOU belongs to this Material Universe, it comes out of it and goes back to it. This ever changing cycle is a constant, in the Material world
2.  There is the Universal consciousness which pervades the  entire Universe, or, the entire Material world. It is NON MATERIAL and never changing. It infuses consciousness into every physical being in the material universe.
3.  There is YOU, who is the INDIVIDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS. YOU come from the Universal Consciousness, you are an integral part of it, and you never go out of it.
4.  As Universal consciousness is really indivisible and partless, YOU actually extend all over the Universal consciousness.
5.  But, right now, your consciousness is limited to your Physical body and mind.
6.  You must realize this and make efforts to experience yourself all over the universe in the material world and all over the universal consciousness.
7.  This is your Meditation.

All these meditations are intended to drive you towards the truth. Sometimes, it is towards the relative truth in the Material world. Sometimes, it is towards the ABSOLUTE TRUTH in the non material universal consciousness. Both are required as live in both. 

As physical body and mind, we exist in the material world.  This YOU is  subject to Maya, or Prakriti or the three Gunas comprising the world (all of them refer to the same phenomenon). This you is subject to various problems, pleasures and changes. You have to face them successfully in the material world.

Then, there is the real YOU, which is the Individual consciousness, which is Changeless, Endless and is part of the Universal consciousness. This is your absolute truth. 

This realization is the final goal. The experiments to experience this absolute truth must also continue daily. These meditations give immense clarity on life.

I am giving the concepts and details and it if for you to sit in meditation on them.

The meditational procedure is the same as given in earlier Meditations.

I Wish you all success in your Meditations. I welcome all suggestions and queries.

Thank You,

=Yours

v.vijayamohan

Author of :
Comprehensive Treatise on
Patanjali Yogasutras